PrOuD 2 Be BiHaRi

BiHaR at a Glance:

The location of Bihar at a glance is that it is situated in the eastern part of India. It is land-locked on all sides. The outlet to Bay of Bengal through Kolkata port is not far away. Bihar is located between the sub-humid Uttar Pradesh in the west and the humid West Bengal in the east. Therefore, it has a transitional climate. It is bordered by Nepal in the north and Jharkhand in the south. River Ganges flows west to east through the middle of the state, dividing the Bihar plain into two unequal halves. Some quick facts about Bihar are given below:

Location of Bihar at a Glance:

  • Latitude: 21-58'-10" to 27-31'-15" N
  • Longitude: 82-19'-50" ~ 88-17'-40" E
  • Total Area: 94,163.00 square kilometer
  • Climate of Bihar at a Glance:

  • Maximum Temperature: 40-450 C
  • Minimum Temperature: 5-100 C
  • Average Annual Rainfall: 1,205 millimeter
  • Capital: Patna
  • Population: 82,878,796
  • Languages: Hindi, Magahi, Maithili, Angika, and Bhojpuri
  • Religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, and Sikhism
  • Best Time to Visit: October to March
  • Population: 8,28,78,796
  • Literacy: 3,16,75,607
  • Urban Area: 1,095.49 square kilometer
  • Rural Area: 92,257.51 square kilometer
  • Height above Sea-Level:173 feet
  • Administrative Divisions: 9
  • Districts: 38
  • Sub-Divisions: 101
  • Number of Panchayats: 8,471
  • Number of Revenue Villages: 45,103
  • Number of Towns: 130
  • Number of Police Stations: 853
  • Transportation of Bihar at a Glance: Its capital city Patna has an airport which is connected by air with Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Lucknow. Katmandu operates regular flights to Patna. Major airlines of India like Indian Airlines and Sahara Airlines operate flights regularly to and from Patna
  • Profile of Bihar

    Geographical Location Between
    24º 20' 10" and 27º3'15" North Latitude
    83º 19' 50" and 88º17'40" Eastern Longitude
    Soil of Bihar Clay Soil, Sandy Soil, Loamy Soil.
    Main Rivers Ganga , Saryu , Gandak ,Bagmati , Koshi , Sone ,Punpun , Phalgu
    Height above Sea Level 173 feet ( 53 meters)
    Climate Temperature

    Varies from a maximum of 44ºC in Summer to a minimum of around 5ºC in the Winters

    Rainfall (1999)

    Medium to Heavy :1384.3 mm (average)

    Total Area 94163.00 Sq.Kms.(2001 Census) 
    Connectivity Bihar is well connected by roads.

    NH 30 & 31 connects Varanasi, Lucknow, New Delhi and Kolkata. National Waterway No. 1 is used for cargo transport between Haldia (West Bengal) and Patna. 

    Air services connect Patna with Kolkata, Ranchi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Delhi, Guwahati, Ahmedabad, Allahabad and Kathmandu ( Nepal ) .

    State is well connected by railway network - with major city of Kolkata, Delhi, Ranchi, Bombay, Varanasi, Jammu, Guwahati etc.

    Length of Roads (1999-2000)

    National Highway :  26594.75 Kms
    State Highway :  11050.12  Kms
    Other P.W.D Road :15385.88 Kms

    Geographical Boundaries North: Nepal

    South: Jharkhand

    East: West Bengal

    West: Uttar Pradesh

    Length & Breadth Length: North to South 345 kms.

    Breadth: East to West 483 kms. 

    Physiography, Flora & Fauna Physiographically the entire state is part of the Ganga-Plains. The formation of plains have come out with sediments deposited by the River Ganga, Gandak and Sone. The River Ganga divides whole Bihar into two physical divisions- the north Bihar Plain and South Bihar Plain. The river system is the lifeline of the state. 
    State Capital


    It was once Capital of the Mighty Magadh Empire.

    Patna was known in ancient times as Pataliputra, Pataligrama, Pushp Pur, Kusumpur and Azimabad etc.

    Hon'ble Chief Minister, Bihar :
    Shri Nitish Kumar

    Hon'ble Minister, Tourism & Roads Construction, Bihar :
    Shri Nand Kishore Yadav

    Secretary, Tourism, Bihar:
    Shri Anjani Kumar Singh, IAS

    Chairman & Managing Director, BSTDC, Bihar:
    Shri Rajesh Bhushan, IAS

    Director, Tourism, Bihar:
    Shri Yogendra Bhagat

    Symbol of the City: Golghar

    Important River:
    The Ganga

    Important Bridge: The Mahatma Gandhi Setu

    (The Longest River Road Bridge, across the River Ganga which connects North Bihar (Hazipur) and South Bihar (Patna)

    Airport Jayaprakash Narayan International Airport, Patna;
    Gaya International Airport, Gaya
    High Court Patna High Court
    State's Official Languages Hindi / Urdu
    Districts 38
    (Arwal, Patna, Nalanda, Rohtas, Bhabhua, Bhojpur, Buxar, Gaya, Jehanabad, Nawada, Siwan, Gopalganj, Sitamarhi, Muzaffarpur, Shivahar, West Champaran, East Champaran, Vaishali, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur, Saharsa, Supaul, Madhepura, Purnia, Araria, Kishanganj, Katihar, Banka, Bhagalpur, Munger, Lakhisarai, Aurangabad, Saran, Shekhpura, Jamui, Khagaria and, Begusarai)
    People There are tribal as well as non-tribal people in the state. They can be better classified as non-tribal of north and aborigines of the south. The latter are tribal in character. The non-tribal group belong to various castes, prominent among which are : Kayastha, Bhumihars, Rajputs, and the so-called backward castes. The aborigines belong to various tribes.
    Density of Population 880 per sq. Km. (2001 Census)
    Population 6,45,30,554 (1991 Census)

    8,28,78,796 ( Provisional ) (2001 Census)

    Population Growth Ratio 23.38 % [1981-91]

    28.43 % [1991-2001]

    Most Populous districts Patna, East Champaran and Muzaffarpur.
    Food Habits Rice, Dal, Chapaties, Vegetables, Non-Vegetarian items ; Items of Gram Flour;

    Litti, and Chura-Dahi (Curd) in Mithila .

    Common Languages Hindi, Urdu & Local Dialects (Bhojpuri, Magahi,Maithili)
    Festivals Chhath (Oct.- Nov.), Jeutia, Teej, Godhan, Buddha Purnima, Shrawani Purnima (Kanwar Festival: when Pilgrims collect holy water from the Ganga at Sultanganj and offer it to Lord Shiva at Deoghar (Jharkhand), Madhu Shravani of Mithila,Pitripaksha etc.
    Art and Craft Madhubani Paintings, Appliqué work, Bamboo products, Jute products
    Important Fairs Harihar Kshetra (Sonepur) Cattle Fair is one of the biggest Cattle fair in Asia. Shrawani Fair of Sultanganj.
    Traditional Costumes Male:
    Kurta-Dhoti, Kurta-Pajama, Pant-Shirt
    Female :
    Saree , Salwar-Kurta
    Districts having the largest area Lakhisarai, Gaya, West Champaran and East Champaran.

    Major Industries/Crops/Minerals

    ndustries: Sponge Iron,, Oil Refinery, Forging, Fertilisers, Jelly Filled Commu nication Cables, Watch Factory, Fruit Processing, Bulk Drugs.

    Crops: Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Pulses, Sugarcane, Potatoes, Tobacco, Oilseeds, Onion, Chilies, Jute, Mesta.

    Major Industries/Crops/Minerals

    Industries: Sponge Iron,, Oil Refinery, Forging, Fertilisers, Jelly Filled Commu nication Cables, Watch Factory, Fruit Processing, Bulk Drugs.

    Crops: Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Pulses, Sugarcane, Potatoes, Tobacco, Oilseeds, Onion, Chilies, Jute, Mesta.

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