Climate of Bihar at a Glance:
|Geographical Location||Between |
24º 20' 10" and 27º3'15" North Latitude
83º 19' 50" and 88º17'40" Eastern Longitude
|Soil of Bihar||Clay Soil, Sandy Soil, Loamy Soil.|
|Main Rivers||Ganga , Saryu , Gandak ,Bagmati , Koshi , Sone ,Punpun , Phalgu|
|Height above Sea Level||173 feet ( 53 meters)|
|Total Area||94163.00 Sq.Kms.(2001 Census)|
|Connectivity||Bihar is well connected by roads. |
Air services connect Patna with Kolkata, Ranchi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Delhi, Guwahati, Ahmedabad, Allahabad and Kathmandu ( Nepal ) .
State is well connected by railway network - with major city of Kolkata, Delhi, Ranchi, Bombay, Varanasi, Jammu, Guwahati etc.
Length of Roads (1999-2000)
|Geographical Boundaries||North: Nepal |
East: West Bengal
West: Uttar Pradesh
|Length & Breadth||Length: North to South 345 kms. |
Breadth: East to West 483 kms.
|Physiography, Flora & Fauna||Physiographically the entire state is part of the Ganga-Plains. The formation of plains have come out with sediments deposited by the River Ganga, Gandak and Sone. The River Ganga divides whole Bihar into two physical divisions- the north Bihar Plain and South Bihar Plain. The river system is the lifeline of the state.|
|State Capital|| |
Hon'ble Minister, Tourism & Roads Construction, Bihar :
Secretary, Tourism, Bihar:
Chairman & Managing Director, BSTDC, Bihar:
Director, Tourism, Bihar:
|Airport||Jayaprakash Narayan International Airport, Patna; |
Gaya International Airport, Gaya
|High Court||Patna High Court|
|State's Official Languages||Hindi / Urdu|
|Divisions||9 ( PATNA, MAGADH, SARAN, TIRHUT, DARBHANGA, KOSHI, PURNEA, BHAGALPUR, AND MUNGER )|
(Arwal, Patna, Nalanda, Rohtas, Bhabhua, Bhojpur, Buxar, Gaya, Jehanabad, Nawada, Siwan, Gopalganj, Sitamarhi, Muzaffarpur, Shivahar, West Champaran, East Champaran, Vaishali, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur, Saharsa, Supaul, Madhepura, Purnia, Araria, Kishanganj, Katihar, Banka, Bhagalpur, Munger, Lakhisarai, Aurangabad, Saran, Shekhpura, Jamui, Khagaria and, Begusarai)
|People||There are tribal as well as non-tribal people in the state. They can be better classified as non-tribal of north and aborigines of the south. The latter are tribal in character. The non-tribal group belong to various castes, prominent among which are : Kayastha, Bhumihars, Rajputs, and the so-called backward castes. The aborigines belong to various tribes.|
|Density of Population||880 per sq. Km. (2001 Census)|
|Population||6,45,30,554 (1991 Census) |
8,28,78,796 ( Provisional ) (2001 Census)
|Population Growth Ratio||23.38 % [1981-91] |
28.43 % [1991-2001]
|Most Populous districts||Patna, East Champaran and Muzaffarpur.|
|Food Habits||Rice, Dal, Chapaties, Vegetables, Non-Vegetarian items ; Items of Gram Flour; |
Litti, and Chura-Dahi (Curd) in Mithila .
|Common Languages||Hindi, Urdu & Local Dialects (Bhojpuri, Magahi,Maithili)|
|Festivals||Chhath (Oct.- Nov.), Jeutia, Teej, Godhan, Buddha Purnima, Shrawani Purnima (Kanwar Festival: when Pilgrims collect holy water from the Ganga at Sultanganj and offer it to Lord Shiva at Deoghar (Jharkhand), Madhu Shravani of Mithila,Pitripaksha etc.|
|Art and Craft||Madhubani Paintings, Appliqué work, Bamboo products, Jute products|
|Important Fairs||Harihar Kshetra (Sonepur) Cattle Fair is one of the biggest Cattle fair in Asia. Shrawani Fair of Sultanganj.|
|Traditional Costumes||Male: |
Kurta-Dhoti, Kurta-Pajama, Pant-Shirt
Saree , Salwar-Kurta
|Districts having the largest area||Lakhisarai, Gaya, West Champaran and East Champaran.|
Industries: Sponge Iron,, Oil Refinery, Forging, Fertilisers, Jelly Filled Commu nication Cables, Watch Factory, Fruit Processing, Bulk Drugs.
Crops: Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Pulses, Sugarcane, Potatoes, Tobacco, Oilseeds, Onion, Chilies, Jute, Mesta.